Week 3: Day 1 – Audio Slideshow Peer Critiques

Let’s take the first 60 minutes or so of class to watch your Audio Slideshow projects. Consider the following when offering your classmates feedback:

  • Narrative (Character, Plot, Arc, etc.)
  • Photography (Composition, Shot Types, Angles, etc.)
  • Audio – (Pace, Levels, etc.)

Week 3: Day 1 – Video Story Prep

Visuals

Take a few minutes to select a topic for your Video Story project. Once you’ve selected your story idea, add the following information at the top of your page:

  • Story topic (i.e. name of business)
  • 3+ people you plan to interview (i.e. owner, employee, customer)

Then, take five or so minutes to list as many shots as you can to tell this story. Consider including the following shot types:

  • Wide Shot – A shot that captures the entire scene. Good for establishing a story or location.
  • Medium Shot – A shot that includes the subject from the waist/above the knees, and up. Good for showing dialogue.
  • Tight Shot – A shot that focuses on an individual or object. Great for bringing detail or emotion to the story.
  • Extreme Close-Up – A shot that shows part of an individual or an object. Also great for bringing detail or emotion to the story.
  • Point-of-View Shot – A shot framed from the perspective of the subject.
  • Cutaway – A wide, medium, or tight shot related to the action, but not part of the action, i.e. a reaction shot from the audience.

Now pass your shot list to your right. With your classmate’s list in front of you, take three minutes to write down as many shots as you can for that person’s story.  Repeat this process until you’ve added shots from 3+ other students.

Audio

Next, once you’ve established that this story is visual enough to tell with video, focus for five or so minutes on interview questions. Consider the following when writing your questions:

  • Open-ended – Open-ended questions, which most often begin with “How…” or “Describe…”, are the most desirable. For example, “How did you feel when you hit the lottery?” is an open-ended question, which will likely result in a colorful response.
  • Close-ended questions – Close-ended questions will result in yes/no answers. For example, “Were you excited when you hit the lottery?” is a close-ended question, which will likely result in a “yes” response.

When you’re done, pass your questions to your right until you have questions from 3+ other students.

Week 3: Day 1 – Video Story Editing

For today’s tutorial, please first download the Premiere Video Practice folder. Here is a step-by-step breakdown of the video editing process in Premiere for you to reference in your editing:

Setting up your project…
First, you’ll need to set up your project.

  1. Open Premiere
  2. Click New Project
  3. Name your project
  4. Choose a location for your project
  5. Set your scratch disks
  6. Click OK
  7. Go to the Main Menu
  8. Select Window
  9. Select Workspaces
  10. Select Editing, or if Editing is already selected, choose Reset to Saved Layout

Importing and organizing your media…
Next, you’ll need to import your media files.

  1. First, plug in your camera/card reader and copy the entire folder from the card with all of your video files over to your own HD
  2. Next, go to the Project Pane and select the Media Browser tab
  3. Highlight the files you want to pull into Premiere and click Import
  4. To switch between the icon and list views, hit Command + Page Up/Page Down on your keyboard
  5. If you haven’t already, organize your files into separate Bins

Creating sub-clips…
To better organize your story, you can create what are called “sub-clips” from your footage. To create a sub-clip, you mark in- and out-points and generate new clips from the content in between.

  1. Go to the Project Pane and double-click on the first piece of footage you’d like to use to create sub-clips for your story, such as one of your interviews
  2. In the Source Monitor, press the Spacebar to play the clip you’d like to divide into smaller clips
  3. Using the J (play backward), K (pause) and L (play forward) keys (J+K play backward slowly, K+L play forward slowly, J+J plays backward quickly, L+L plays forward quickly), select the point at which you’d like your first sub-clip to begin
  4. Press I to mark the in-point
  5. Press L to move forward, then K to pause at the point where you’d like to end your clip
  6. Press O to mark the out-point for this clip
  7. Press Option K to play from your in to out-point
  8. Press CMD + U (command + the U key on your keyboard) to create a sub-clip from this selection
  9. Name your sub-clip
  10. Un-check the Restrict Trims to Subclip Boundaries box (this allows you to adjust the sub-clip’s trims on the Timeline)
  11. Click OK
  12. Repeat this process until you’ve created all of the sub-clips you want from your first interview, then move on to your next interview and create sub-clips from that
  13. Create a Bin for your sub-clips and drag all of your sub-clips there to stay organized
  14. Highlight all of your sub-clips and Control + Click to choose Modify Audio Channels
  15. From the Preset dropdown, choose Stereo
  16. Click OK

Performing insert edits…
Next you’ll want to add your sub-clips to the Timeline to build the underlying narrative for your video story. These clips, when combined, should serve as the foundation for your story.

  1. In the Project Pane, double-click on the first sub-clip you’d like to add to your Timeline to view it in the Source Monitor
  2. Drag and drop your first sub-clip onto the Timeline to start a sequence.
  3. Go to your Project Pane and find the sequence that was created when you added your first sub-clip to the Timeline
  4. Rename this “Rough Cut
  5. Move your sequence out of your sub-clips Bin
  6. Go to the Timeline and press the Down Arrow key to move the playhead to the end of the first sub-clip (the Up Arrow key will move it to the beginning of the last clip)
  7. Go to your Project Pane and double-click the next sub-clip
  8. Press the Comma key to perform an Insert Edit
  9. Repeat this process until you’ve added all your primary footage to the Timeline (all A-roll should be on V1 and A1)

Rearranging and extracting clips…
Once you have a rough cut of all your primary footage on your Timeline, you’ll likely want to rearrange and extract some of the clips from your Timeline.

  1. To rearrange the sequence of your clips on the Timeline, press the Command and Option keys, and click and drag your clip where you’d like it to go (this swaps clips instead of overwriting them)
  2. To cut footage you don’t want from your Timeline, go to the beginning of your Timeline and hit the Spacebar to play through your footage
  3. For areas you’d like to cut, hit the M key to create a marker at the beginning of the desired cut, and the M key again at the end of the desired cut
  4. Add markers for all of the cuts you would like to make in your story
  5. Using the Shift + M keys (to go to the next marker) and the Command + Shift + M keys (to go to the previous marker), go to the first marker and hit the + key to zoom in
  6. Hit the I key to create an in-point
  7. Find the end of the desired cut and hit the O key to create an out-point.
  8. Hit the Apostrophe key to extract that selection
  9. Repeat until your A-roll audio is clean and the foundation of your story is complete

Adding b-roll with overwrite edits…
Next, you’ll want to add your B-roll footage to enhance your A-roll.

  1. Click and drag the V1 source icon (the V1 icon all the way on your left of your Timeline) up to V2 (where all your b-roll should go)
  2. On the Timeline, using the marker tool, play through your A-roll and mark where you’d like your b-roll clips to begin and end (to hide your cuts, supplement a-roll audio, etc.)
  3. Now go to your first marker and hit I to mark an in-point and O to mark an out-point
  4. Go to your Project Pane and double-click on the clip you’d like to add on top of your A-roll footage
  5. Hit the I key to mark an in-point
  6. If you’d like to add just the video from the B-roll, lock A1. If you’d like to add video and audio from the B-roll, move the A1 source icon down to A2 so the A1 audio is not overwritten
  7. Hit the Period key to perform an Overwrite Edit
  8. Repeat until you’ve added all of your B-roll to the Timeline

Adding and editing audio…
Next you will likely add to and/or edit your audio.

  1. If you’d like to add music or nat sound to your story, go to the left of your Timeline and drag your A1 source down to A2 (B-roll audio should go on A2)
  2. In the Program Pane, double-click the audio you’d like to add
  3. Mark in- and out-points
  4. Hit the Period key to perform an Overwrite Edit to insert this audio on your Timeline
  5. If you’d like to edit your audio, go to the Timeline and drag your A1 source icon to the channel you’d like to edit (A2)
  6. Click the M icon to mute your other audio
  7. Mouse over the A1 or A2 toggle button (depending on the channel you are editing) and scroll up or down with your mouse to increase or decrease your audio track height
  8. Click and drag the white line at the center of your L and R stereo channels up to increase the audio levels and down to decrease the audio levels.
  9. To add key frames to your audio, hit the P key to select the Pen tool
  10. Add key frames along the white line, dragging each one up or down to increase or decrease the audio
  11. Repeat until your audio levels are edited throughout your story

Adding titles…
Last, you’ll want to add a title/titles to your Video Story.

  1. Select where you’d like to add a title on your Timeline and hit Command + T
  2. Add your title and adjust the color, type and alignment
  3. Add the title to your Timeline on V3

Exporting your video…
Finally, you’ll want to export your video.

  1. Select your Timeline
  2. Hit Command + M to export your file
  3. From the Format dropdown, choose H.264
  4. From the Preset dropdown, choose Match Source – High bitrate
  5. Give your video a name and choose a location for it to save
  6. Check Export Video and Export Audio
  7. On the left of the Export Box, go to Source Range and select Entire Sequence
  8. Click Export (the remainder of settings will match your sequence)

For those looking for more extensive tutorials on Premiere, check out Premiere Pro CC Essential Training. Also, here is a link to all of Premiere’s keyboard shortcuts.